Thursday, 12 December 2013

The Most Common Respiratory Health Conditions

Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory diseases are health conditions that affect the respiratory system and are usually found in the nose, lungs, trachea, pharynx, bronchial tubes, alveoli, and larynx. Respiration is the processes of taking in oxygen and giving out carbon dioxide. You can experience respiratory diseases due to a number of reasons.
People who are prone to pollution are more likely to suffer from respiratory diseases.Some of the most common respiratory problems are discussed below.

Chronic Cough
This is a very common respiratory problem. Any cough that lasts for more than three weeks is called as chronic cough. There are many possible causes of chronic cough, including infections and airway problems.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
This involves diseases that lead to airflow obstruction such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Polluted environment and being exposed to toxics like tobacco smoke are the main risk factor of this respiratory disease. Some common symptoms include sputum, dyspnea, and cough.

Asthma is a respiratory disease can restricts the airflow in and out of the lungs by causing inflammation of the airways. The occurrence of an asthma attack causes the muscles of the bronchial tree to become tight and leads to the swelling of air passages. This reduces the airflow and also increases the production of mucus.

Respiratory Arrest
Respiratory arrest is a serious form of lung injury. It causes a sudden and progressive pulmonary edema, increases bilateral infiltrates, and reduces lung compliance.

Cystic Fibrosis
It is a hereditary disease that causes the production of unusually thick mucus because of the presence of an abnormal transmembrane ion transporter. This condition primarily affects the pancreas and the lung.


This viral lung infection is often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This virus spreads in the air through droplets and contaminated objects and hands. The symptoms of RSV include wheezing, runny nose, coughing, difficulty breathing out, rapid breathing, and fever.


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